The now named Research and Technology Organisation (RTO) has a rich history on which you can read here in more detail.  There are several sections to be visisted,  the foundation of AGARD and a few years later the DRG.   Or you can go to explore the history of the different Panels that constituted AGARD and DRG in the past.


Panels were the heart of AGARD. The panels were composed of  members from government and semi-government,   laboratories and agencies , universities and industry.  AGARD originally started in 1952 with 4 Panels (Combustion, Aero-Medicine, Flight Test and Instrumentation, and Wind Tunnel and Model Testing). Von Kármán had a direct personal interest in the Panels - based on his life-long scientific work and his association with the military - and he gave them his guidance. Initially there were less than 100 Panel members. Their number grew rapidly to 200 in 1960 and with the expansion to 9 Panels in 1970, there were more than 500 Panel members in the 1990s.  After a restructuring in 1994 the number of Panels was reduced to 7, plus a Technical Information Committee (TIC).

Panel members were appointed by their respective National Delegates, normally for a term of 3 years. The detailed areas of interest of each Panel varied fairly rapidly as the field of aerospace science and technology expanded and as interactions between specialist areas became more or less relevant. In very general terms, the mission of each Panel was to fulfil the AGARD mission within its own area of scientific and technical interest and competence.

Each Panel defined a program of meetings and publications in its own speciality, within the general constraints of AGARD policy as determined by the Board. Panel members were responsible for enlisting the necessary support and participation from their own countries. Most Panels held two major meetings each year, which rotated among the NATO Member-Nations. The printing and publication of Panel written works (at that time around 70-90 publications a year) was organised by AGARD Headquarters. Occasionally publications were judged to be of such general interest, that up to 5000 copies were printed.

The AGARD Panels


The DRG Panels

There were 11 DRG Panels  composed of a total of nearly 500 members, who were experts actively engaged in research, development or management in academic institutions, government establishments or industrial enterprises related to the ...

Panel 1 on Long-Term Scientific Studies

Panel 3 on Physics and Electronics

Panel 4 on Optics and Infra-Red

Panel 7 on Operational Research

Panel 8 on Human and Biomedical Sciences

Panel 9 on Electronic Warfare

Panel 10 on Air Defence

Panel 11 on Information Processing Technology

SGE (CCD) on Concealment, Camouflage and Deception

SGE (CET) on Combat Engineering Technology

A particular case: NMSG

The  Modeling and Simulation Group (MSG), was established in 1999 as a total new group. "NATO has not yet begun to harness the full potential of M&S to improve operations. Uses are rich and diverse, but a common Alliance strategy incorporating interoperability and reuse, a key to cost-effectiveness, does not (yet)  exist."


In November 1996, the Conference of National Armaments Directors (CNAD) established a Steering Group on NATO Simulation Policy and Applications with a mandate to craft an Alliance approach to simulation in order to improve Alliance operations (e.g., defence planning, training, exercises, support to operations, research, technology development and armaments acquisition (modernization)) cost-effectively. The CNAD specifically tasked the Steering Group to identify recommended technical standards in order to foster simulation interoperability and reuse, to craft a roadmap for the development of simulations in order to satisfy the most-pressing NATO needs, and to include these results in a comprehensive NATO Modelling & Simulation Master Plan (MSMP). The MSMP would in turn guide the Alliance in the development and use of modelling and simulation (M&S).

The Steering Group accomplished its work with the broad and active participation of senior government policy representatives, the NATO Military Authorities and M&S experts drawn from the NATO member governments and the NATO Industrial Advisory Group. The   Master Plan is the result of their endeavours

This NATO M&S Master Plan was endorsed by the Conference of NATO Armament Directors (CNAD) and the Military Committee (MC) in November 1998, and approved by the North Atlantic Council in December 1998. The M&S Master Plan recommended two organisational structures: the NATO Modelling & Simulation Group (as a level 2 body reporting to the RTB) and the establishment of a full-time Modelling & Simulation Co-ordination Office. The MSCO was established in the autumn of 1999 within the SPD Division of the RTA in Paris. The Office is now resourced by two VNCs (one Spain and one UK). One additional on-site French VNC is expected to join the team part-time from 1 April 2000. Additional US VNC remote support was also provided during the reporting period. The MSCO, under the authority of the RTA Director and within guidance provided by the Research and Technology Board (RTB) through the NMSG, have overall responsibility for co-ordinating and developing Alliance M&S to ensure efficient support to NATO operations.

During the interim and start-up phase of 1999, the NMSG/MSCO have formulated Programmes of Work (POW) based upon guidance from the September 1999 RTB Meeting and the RTB M&S November 1999 Sub Group Meeting. The majority of resourcing and funding for these programmes is from National Resources and National Voluntary Contributions with NATO providing minimal funding for reports generated from the programmes.

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Lecture Series on "Structural Health Monitoring of Military Vehicles" (AVT-220 - 10/11/2014 to 11/11/2014 - Spain)

Specialists Meeting on "Scarcity of Rare Earth Materials for Electrical Power Systems" (AVT-231 - 13/10/2014 to 15/10/2014 - Belgium)

Continuing Airworthiness of Ageing Aircraft Systems  (AVT-222 - 13/10/2014 to 15/10/2014 - Belgium)

Fall 2014 AVT Panel Meeting Week Registration for AVT Panel Members, Technical Team Members and Invited Guests  (AVT-34TH PMW - 13/10/2014 to 17/10/2014 - Belgium)

Cooperative Demonstrations of Technology (CDT) - Application of Integrated Munition Health Management (IMHM): Developing Methodologies for Implementation (AVT-212 - 15/10/2014 to 16/10/2014 - Belgium)

Cross-Domain Integrated System Health Management Capability  (AVT-223 - 16/10/2014 to 17/10/2014 - Belgium)

Specialists Meeting on "Next Generation Greener Energetics and their Management" (AVT-243 - 16/10/2014 to 17/10/2014 - Belgium)

Symposium on "State-of-the-Art in Research on Medical Countermeasures Against Biological Agents" (HFM-239 - 13/10/2014 to 15/10/2014 - Lithuania)

Lecture Series on "Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Application in an Operational Military Setting " (HFM-245 - 20/10/2014 to 21/10/2014 - Belgium)

Lecture Series on "Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Application in an Operational Military Setting " (HFM-245 - 23/10/2014 to 24/10/2014 - Portugal)

Symposium on "Cyber Security Science and Engineering " (IST-122 - 13/10/2014 to 14/10/2014 - Estonia)

34th IST Panel Business Meeting  (IST-34PBM - 15/10/2014 to 17/10/2014 - Estonia)

Subscription for the NATO Simulation Resource Library (NSRL) Prototype (MSG-NSRL - 01/06/2014 to 30/12/2014 - France)

Subscription to International Military Metrology Conference Library (MSG-IMMC - 14/08/2014 to 01/01/2015 - France)

NMSG 34th Business Meeting - Fall 2014  (MSG-34THBM - 20/10/2014 to 22/10/2014 - United States)

C2 to Simulation Interoperability (C2SIMI)  (MSG-138 - 22/10/2014 to 22/10/2014 - United States)

Symposium on "Integrating Modelling & Simulation in the Defence Acquisition Lifecycle and Military Training Curriculum" (MSG-126 - 23/10/2014 to 24/10/2014 - United States)

Lecture Series on "Application of Verification and Validation of Models, Simulations and Data" (MSG-123 - 24/09/2014 to 25/09/2014 - Italy)

Symposium on "Information Operations for Influence " (SAS-105 - 05/11/2014 to 07/11/2014 - Netherlands)

Symposium on "8th Operations Research & Analysis Conference " (SAS-ACT - 20/10/2014 to 21/10/2014 - Czech Republic)

SAS Panel Business Meeting, Fall 2014 (SAS-PBM-34 - 22/10/2014 to 24/10/2014 - Czech Republic)

SCI-34th PBM, Brussels, Belgium, 20-24 October 2014.  (SCI-34THPBM - 20/10/2014 to 24/10/2014 - Belgium)

Lecture Series on "Radar and SAR systems for airborne and space-base Surveillance and Reconnaissance " (SET-191 - 10/11/2014 to 11/11/2014 - Romania)

Lecture Series on "Radar and SAR systems for airborne and space-base Surveillance and Reconnaissance " (SET-191 - 13/11/2014 to 14/11/2014 - France)

Lecture Series on "Radar and SAR systems for airborne and space-base Surveillance and Reconnaissance " (SET-191 - 17/11/2014 to 18/11/2014 - United States)

Lecture Series on "Radar and SAR systems for airborne and space-base Surveillance and Reconnaissance " (SET-191 - 20/11/2014 to 21/11/2014 - Canada)

Specialists Meeting on "Novel Infrared Laser Technology for Modern Battelfield Requirements" (SET-210 - 24/07/2014 to 25/07/2014 - United Kingdom)

Specialists Meeting on "Waveform Diversity " (SET-204 - 29/09/2014 to 30/09/2014 - Germany)

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Symposium on "Emerging Technological Advances in Tactical Casualty Care " (HFM-249 - 20/04/2015 to 22/04/2015 - Poland)

Symposium on "Information Fusion (Hard and Soft) for ISR " (IST-SET-126 - 04/05/2015 to 05/05/2015 - United States)

Future Internet Architectures for Military Networks  (IST-120 - 29/01/2014 to 30/01/2014 - Norway)